The Rise and Continuous Civilization – China

According to J. M. Roberts,”the most striking fact about China’s history is that it has gone on for so long.” Ask any Chinese whether from mainland China or overseas and he/she would (proudly) say that China has a history of 5,000 years. For about 2,500 years there has been a Chinese nation using the Chinese language. 

In spite of various division and confusion, China has a continuous experience of civilization rivalled by no other civilization in the world. The first (better) known Chinese dynasty is that of the Shang that dates back to 1700 BC. The Shang Dynasty through the military advantage of the chariot consolidated its positional power around the Yellow River valley.

The Shang Dynasty was then later replaced by the Chou Dynasty and later subsequently the Qin Dynasty. Qin Shi Huang ruler of Qin gained eternal fame through the building of the Great Wall of China (and also for book burning, scholar butchering, and legalism). The later parts of China’s history was followed by subsequent changes from the Han Dynasty up to the Yuan Dynasty.

The Yuan Dynasty was established by Genghis Khan’s grandson, Kublai Khan. The mongol ruled dynasty proved short lived and was replaced by the Ming Dynasty after a peasant revolt. Under the Ming Dynasty, China became one of the first superpower in the world through the building of a giant armada under Admiral Zheng He.

After the decline a the Ming dynasty, China was ruled by the Manchus under the Qing Dynasty.After the downfall of the Qing Dynasty, China’s rule was split between Generals and Warlords until the end of World War II. In 1949, Mao Zedong proclaimed the establishment of the Peopls’s Republic of China. China is ruled by the Communist Party of China ever since.

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