The Ten Deadliest Earthquakes in the last 100 years

Year

Death toll

1908

Messina, Italy: 70,000-100,000 deaths (estimate)

1920

Gansu Province, China: 200,000 deaths

1923

Kanto, Japan: 143,000 deaths

1927

Qinghai, China : 200,000 deaths

1932

Gansu Province, China: 70,000 deaths

1948

Ashgabat, Turkmenistan: 110,000 deaths

1970

Peru: 66,000 deaths

1976

Tangshan, China: 255,000 deaths (official), 655,000 (estimates)

2004

Sumatra, Indonesia: 220,000 deaths (estimates)

2005

Kashmir: 73,000 deaths (estimates)

Sources: Hazard data: Global Seismic Hazard Assessment Program. Population Data: LandScan 2004, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Department of Energy. Earthquake Data: Earthquake Hazards Program/USGS and National Geophysical data Center/NOAA

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