Economic Focus – Timor Leste

Key Events

1974: Portugal withdraws from East Timor.

1975: Indonesia annexes E. Timor, sends troops as Fretilin movement grows; UN calls for referendum on Independence.

2001: Fretilin movement wins UN-organized elections.

2002: April; Xanana Gusmao elected President of East Timor for a 5-year term. May 20; East Timor gains full independence.

2006: New outbreaks of violence leads to return of foreign peace-keeping forces.

2007: April 9; First presidential vote since independence. May 9; Jose Ramos-Horta wins runoff vote to become new president.

2008: February 11; Jose Ramos-Horta critically injured in near fatal shooting by rebel raiders, hospitalised in Darwin, Australia for more than two months, returns to Dili April.

Facts – BBC

  • Full name: Democratic Republic of East Timor
  • Population: 1.2 Million (UN, 2007)
  • Capital: Dili
  • Area: 14,609 sq km (5,641 sq miles)
  • Major languages: Tetum and Portuguese (official), Indonesian and English (working languages)
  • Major religion: Christianity
  • Life expectancy: 60 years (men), 62 years (women) (UN)
  • Monetary unit: 1 US dollar = 100 cents
  • Main exports: Coffee, marble, potential for oil exports
  • GNI per capita: $750 (World Bank, 2006)
  • Source: The Star Newspaper, 20th May 2008, Tuesday, No. 17832

    One Response to “Economic Focus – Timor Leste”
    1. Nyree says:

      Hi James-
      The elections were in August of 2007 (not sure exact date),
      and Horta was shot on Feb. 11, 2008.

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