Aristotle

Timeframe 384-322 BC
School of Thought Classical Greek
Life
  1. Father a doctor
  2. Studied under Plato in the Academy
  3. Tutor to Alexander the Great
  4. Founder of the Lyceum
Main Interest Logic, Ethics, Metaphysics, Epistemology, Physics, Biology, Meteorology, Dynamics, Mathematics, Psychology, Rhetoric, Dialectic, Aesthetic and Politics (Founder of many of these fields of knowledge)
Philosophy Fundamental concepts and ideas

  • Careful weighing of arguments and considerations
  • Acute insight
  • A sense of what is philosophically plausible
  • A Desire to separate and classify issues and phenomena

Logic and the Philosophy of Science

  • Deductive inference (as well as inductive methods)
  • All as are b, all bs are c, therefore all as are c
  • Conclusions obviously follows necessity

Ethics and Politics

  • The ideal city-state is where every citizen achieves well-being
  • Democracy is preferable to oligarchy because it is more stable and its judgments are likely to be wiser due to collective wisdom
  • Slavery is justifiable
  • Plato’s communist society is undesirable because it leads to social disturbance (undermines private property and friendship)

The Golden Mean

  • Moderation is all things

The Five Elements

  • Fire, Earth, Water, Air, Aether
Major Works The first encyclopedia
Influence
  • Student of Plato
  • Teacher of Alexander the Great
Famous Quote The aim of the wise is not to secure pleasure, but to avoid pain.

Plato is dear to me, but dearer still is the truth.

Comments
2 Responses to “Aristotle”
  1. Doraz says:

    Conclusions obviously follows necessity…

    This is so true!
    People amaze me how they reach an answer to a problem they are having that I would NEVER have thought of! Whatever is easy seems to win!

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