Jupiter/Zeus – God of Gods

~ Gods of Olympus by Giulio Romano

Jupiter is the Roman equivalent of the Greek God Zeus. He is the king of all the other classical Gods and ruled from Mount Olympus. There are twelve major Olympian Gods (according to Greek poet Hesiod) and their names are:

  1. Jupiter (King of the Gods, ruler of the Heavens)
  2. Juno (Queen of the Gods)
  3. Neptune (Ruler of the Seas)
  4. Ceres (Goddess of the land and crops)
  5. Apollo 
  6. Bacchus
  7. Diana
  8. Mars
  9. Mercury
  10. Minerva
  11. Vulcan
  12. Venus

Some sources substitute some of the Gods above with Pluto (King of the Underworld) and Vesta (Ruler of peoples’ hearth and home).

Other information:

  1. Jupiter controlled the weather. He is particularly associated with rainstorms, thunder and lightning.
  2. In Latin, Jupiter means deus-pater or ‘father-god’.
  3. He is regarded as the protecter of law and justice.
  4. Jupiter had numerous love affairs. Among them are; Callisto, Danae, Europa, Io, Leda, Antiope, Ganymede.

Classical References:

Hesiod, Theogony; Ovid, Fasti.


Throne, scepter, lighting bolt, eagle.


Leda and the Swan by William Butler Yeats


A sudden blow: the great wings beating still

Above the staggering girl, her thighs caressed

By the dark webs, her nape caught in his bill,

He holds her helpless breast upon his breast.

How can those terrified vague fingers push

The feathered glory from her loosening thighs?

And how can body, laid in that white rush,

But feel the strange heart beating where it lies?


A shudder in the loins engenders there

The broken wall, the burning roof and tower

And Agamemnon dead.

                                  Being so caught up,

So mastered by the brute blood of the air,

Did she put on his knowledge with his power

Before the indifferent beak could let her drop?


~ Jupiter and Thetis by Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres

~ Jupiter and Io by Antonio da Correggio

~ The Rape of Ganymede by Peter Paul Rubens

~ The Infant Jupiter Nurtured by the Goat Amalthea by Nicolas Poussin

5 Responses to “Jupiter/Zeus – God of Gods”
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