Bacchus/Dionysus – God of Wine and Vitality

~ Bacchus and Ariadne by Titian

Bacchus is the god of fertility that presided over the life force of nature. In ancient times, the life force of living things are thought to be the blood in the veins and the sap in the trees.

Other information:

  1. Bacchus’s mother, Semele, was killed when Jupiter appeared to her in all his glory. Jupiter nurtured the unborn Bacchus in his thigh and after his birth, he was sent to be raised by the nymphs on Mt. Nysa.
  2. On the island of Naxos, Bacchus met Ariadne. She was abandoned by Theseus after helping him to escape the monstrous minotaur. Bacchus married Ariadne and made her immortal by transforming her into a crown of stars that make the constellation Corona.
  3. Many religious festivals associated with Bacchus involved drinking, dancing and sex. 

Classical References:

Euripides, Bacchae; Ovid, Metamorphoses; Philostratus, Imagines.

Attributes:

Grapevine; ivy; fir cone; panther; wine jugs and cups

~ Bacchus by Caravaggio

~ The Bacchanal of the Andrians by Titian

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